garden structure veranda

Key Considerations for South-Facing Wooden Garden Structures

As garden enthusiasts and homeowners, we share a common desire – to create outdoor spaces that flourish with beauty and vitality. In the realm of gardening and garden design, the orientation of your garden and the structures within are all affected by the sun’s location in the hemisphere. In this article, I’m exploring south-facing garden structures and the key considerations that can make a world of difference in their construction, placement and ongoing maintenance. These structures, whether they be the perfect veranda for sipping morning coffee, a solarium for year-round plant nurturing, a shed for storage and organisation, a garden room for relaxation or a greenhouse for cultivating your botanical dreams, all bring both form and function to your outdoor haven.

sunny south-facing garden veranda

Playing to the sun’s energy in a way that enhances your garden structure requires a thoughtful approach and can have a profound affect on its use. Whether you’re a seasoned horticulturist or just beginning to cultivate your green thumb, this guide is designed to offer insights, tips and inspiration to help you make the most of your south-facing garden oasis. Let’s begin with some of the pros and cons to south-facing gardens and their wooden structures.

Pros and Cons of a South-Facing Garden Structure

Building a wooden garden structure in a south-facing garden comes with its own set of advantages and challenges. Understanding the pros and cons can help you make informed decisions during the planning and design phases.


  1. Abundant Sunlight: The primary benefit of a south-facing garden structure is the ample sunlight it receives throughout the day. This is especially advantageous for various purposes, such as growing sun-loving plants, providing natural lighting for interior spaces, and creating a warm and inviting atmosphere.
  2. Solar Gain: In cooler climates, south-facing structures can benefit from solar gain during the colder months. This natural heating effect can help reduce energy costs for heating and make the interior more comfortable.
  3. Year-Round Use: With proper design and insulation, south-facing garden structures like solariums or garden rooms can be used year-round, allowing you to enjoy your garden even during inclement weather or the winter season.
  4. Ideal for Solar Panels: If you’re environmentally conscious, a south-facing roof or wall of your garden structure is an ideal location for solar panels, which can generate renewable energy for your home.
  5. Great for Gardening: South-facing greenhouses and garden rooms provide optimal conditions for growing a wide variety of plants, including fruits, vegetables, and exotic species that require abundant sunlight.


  1. Intense Heat: While the abundant sunlight is an advantage, it can also lead to intense heat buildup inside the structure, especially during the summer months. Without proper ventilation and shading, this can make the space uncomfortable.
  2. Glare and Fading: Excessive sunlight can cause glare and may lead to fading of interior furnishings, fabrics, and artwork. UV protection measures may be necessary to mitigate these effects.
  3. Temperature Management: Maintaining a consistent temperature within a south-facing garden structure can be challenging. Proper insulation, shading, and ventilation are essential to regulate temperature extremes.
  4. Plant Selection: While south-facing structures are ideal for many plants, not all species can thrive in intense sunlight. Careful plant selection and management are required to ensure your garden remains healthy.
  5. Energy Efficiency: If not properly designed, the energy efficiency of south-facing structures can be compromised, leading to increased cooling and heating costs.

A south-facing garden structure can be a valuable addition to your outdoor space, offering numerous benefits such as ample sunlight and year-round usability. However, it’s crucial to address the challenges associated with heat, glare and temperature management to fully enjoy these advantages. Careful planning and design, along with regular maintenance, can help you harness the potential of your south-facing wooden garden structure while mitigating its drawbacks.

Selecting Plants for South-Facing Garden Structures

When it comes to crafting the perfect wooden garden structure in your sun-drenched garden, the choice of plants plays a vital role in bringing life and character to your oasis. Whether you’re designing a veranda, solarium, shed, garden room or greenhouse, selecting the right plants can make a significant difference in the overall ambiance and functionality of the space.

sunny plants in south-facing window

Plants for South-Facing Windows

One key consideration, especially when it comes to structures like solariums or garden rooms with ample south-facing windows, is the type of plants you intend to nurture. These windows offer an abundance of sunlight, making them ideal for a wide range of plant species that thrive in sunny conditions.

When selecting plants for south-facing window applications, it’s essential to choose species that not only appreciate the bright, direct sunlight but also complement the purpose of your garden structure. Here are some popular options to consider:

  1. Sun-Loving Flowers: Vibrant blooms such as sunflowers, marigolds, and petunias can infuse color and cheerfulness into your space. Their love for sunlight makes them perfect candidates for south-facing windows.
  2. Herbs and Edibles: If you’re building a garden room or greenhouse, consider growing herbs like basil, rosemary, and thyme, or even small fruiting plants like tomatoes or peppers. South-facing windows provide the necessary light for these culinary delights to thrive.
  3. Succulents and Cacti: For a touch of elegance and minimal maintenance, succulents and cacti are excellent choices. They adore the sun and can add a contemporary flair to your space.
  4. Tropical Plants: If you’re aiming for a lush, exotic feel, tropical plants like orchids, ferns, and palms can thrive near south-facing windows. They appreciate the warmth and light.
  5. Indoor Trees: Consider small indoor trees like ficus or dwarf citrus trees for a garden room. Their presence can provide shade, enhance air quality, and create a serene atmosphere.

Remember that the choice of plants should align with your overall vision for the garden structure. Additionally, be mindful of factors like watering needs, humidity, and temperature control, as these will play a crucial role in maintaining a healthy and thriving indoor garden. We’ve used some tall bamboo to create a shade barrier behind our garden room which plays a vital role in keeping it cool in the summer.

bamboo backdrop shade garden room

Choosing the Right Wood and Protecting Your Garden Structures

The choice of wood is a fundamental consideration when planning and building garden structures such as verandas, pergolas and sheds. Additionally, protecting the wood from the elements is essential for ensuring the longevity of these structures. Here’s how to make informed choices and preserve your wooden garden structures:

Selecting the Right Wood

  1. Cedar: Cedar is a popular choice for outdoor structures due to its natural resistance to decay, insects and changing seasonal weather. Its attractive appearance and pleasant aroma make it a favorite for many garden enthusiasts.
  2. Redwood: Redwood is another durable and attractive option, known for its resistance to decay and ability to withstand strong direct sunlight and cold winter snowstorms. It ages beautifully, developing a distinctive silvery-grey patina over time.
  3. Pressure-Treated Wood: Pressure-treated lumber, especially with a wood preservative like ACQ (Alkaline Copper Quaternary), offers enhanced resistance to decay and insects. It’s a cost-effective choice for structural components.
  4. Tropical Hardwoods: Exotic hardwoods like teak, ipe, and mahogany are renowned for their exceptional durability and natural resistance to outdoor structures. However, they tend to be more expensive.

Protecting Your Wood

To safeguard your wooden garden structures and extend their lifespan, it’s crucial to employ protective measures. This includes applying a high-quality wood sealant or finish, which acts as a shield against moisture, UV rays and environmental factors. Regularly reapplying the finish as recommended by the manufacturer is essential for long-term preservation. Staining or painting your structures not only enhances their aesthetic appeal but also adds an extra layer of protection against the elements.

Osmo UV-Protection Oil

Even more so among eco-conscious DIYers, sourcing sustainable or reclaimed wood can be a winning choice; it promises a lower environmental impact without sacrificing structural integrity or visual appeal.

Choosing the Ideal Location for Your Garden Structure

Selecting the right location for your garden structure, whether it’s a veranda, pergola, shed, or greenhouse, is a pivotal decision that can significantly impact its functionality and overall enjoyment. Several factors come into play when determining the optimal placement, and innovative design solutions can further enhance your experience. Here are some examples of how to consider these elements:

Sun’s Path and Seasonal Variations

Understanding how the sun’s path changes throughout the seasons is crucial for choosing the location of your garden structure. During the design phase, consider the following:


South-facing structures generally receive the most sunlight, making them ideal for maximising natural light and solar heat gain. East-facing structures will enjoy morning sun, while west-facing ones will bask in the afternoon sun. Depending on the type of structure this information is vital.

sun dial in garden

If you are building a garden room, summer house or shed that needs to stay cool in the summer months, consider some of the following:

  • Eaves Height: The eaves height of your structure can affect the amount of sunlight that penetrates its interior. Higher eaves allow for more light to enter, while lower eaves may provide shading during peak sun hours.
  • Window Sizes and Placement: If your garden structure features windows, their size and placement can determine the amount of natural light that filters in. Larger windows on the sunnier side can maximize light, while smaller or strategically placed windows can control heat and glare.
  • Shutters for Window Control: Adding shutters to the outside of windows that receive direct sunlight can provide you with precise control over the amount of light and heat entering your garden structure. This feature allows you to adapt to changing weather conditions and the sun’s intensity.
  • Suitable Insulation: With the correct size and type of insulation you will be able to keep your garden room cool during the summer. Check out my extensive guide on how to insulate your garden room. When summer rolls in with its long days of strong sunlight, confirm if another round of UV-resistant coating becomes necessary.

Verandas and pergolas will also benefit from having flexible sun shades installed. Thoughtful design can allow for the mounting of sun shades or awnings in different locations to accommodate the sun’s movement throughout the year. We installed multiple mounting points for our sun shade that can easily be adjusted throughout the year to accommodate the changing sun position in the sky.

For greenhouse or solariums ventilation is key. Whilst you’ll want these building to be in direct sunlight for optimal growing, you also need to limit internal temperatures. Consider adding air vents at both the top and bottom of the structure. This design allows for efficient airflow, preventing overheating during the day and maintaining stable temperatures for optimal plant growth.

garden room covered by foliage

Natural Elements

  • Tree Cover Integration: Your garden structure’s placement can take advantage of existing trees. For example, positioning a pergola strategically to interact with a nearby tree’s canopy can create a beautiful interplay of shade and sunlight, enhancing the overall ambiance.
  • Elevation for Views: Placing a garden room or gazebo on an elevated area of your property can provide breathtaking views of the surrounding landscape. This elevation not only offers visual appeal but also captures cooling breezes, making your outdoor space more comfortable.

Using your gardens landscape to plan structures and foliage placement is key to a successful and functionality for your garden structures. You can also look to cultivate the sun’s energy with solar which can be incorporated into your garden room, shed or any other suitable structure. Here a quick look at solar placement for additional energy.

Optimising Solar Panel Placement for Garden Structures

One sustainable and energy-efficient feature to consider when designing your south-facing garden structure, such as a garden room or shed, is the integration of solar panels. Solar panels can help you harness the abundant sunlight to generate renewable energy for various purposes. Here are some key considerations for optimising solar panel placement:

  1. Roof Orientation: When constructing a garden room or shed, orienting the roof to face south can maximize the solar panel’s exposure to sunlight throughout the day. South-facing roofs receive the most direct sunlight, making them an ideal location for solar panel installation.
  2. Tilt Angle: The optimal tilt angle for solar panels depends on your geographic location. Generally, positioning the panels at an angle close to your latitude can help maximize energy capture. However, adjustable mounts can be used to fine-tune the angle for the best results.
  3. Shade Avoidance: Ensure that the chosen location for your garden structure and solar panels is free from obstructions that may cast shadows on the panels. Even partial shading can significantly reduce energy production, so select a spot that remains in full sunlight.
  4. Proximity to Electrical System: Consider the proximity of your garden structure to your home’s electrical system. The closer it is to your electrical panel, the more efficient and cost-effective the installation will be.
solar on shed

By strategically placing solar panels on your south-facing garden structure and orienting it to capture the sun’s energy efficiently, you can not only reduce your carbon footprint but also potentially generate surplus electricity that can be fed back into the grid or used to power your garden room or shed, making it a sustainable and eco-friendly addition to your property.


In the world of garden design, the sun’s position greatly influences the orientation and vitality of your garden and its structures. This article explores south-facing wooden garden structures, offering key insights for their construction and maintenance. These versatile structures, whether verandas, solariums, sheds, garden rooms, or greenhouses, blend form and function in your outdoor haven.

We’ve covered the pros (abundant sunlight, solar gain, year-round use) and cons (intense heat, glare) of south-facing structures, emphasizing the need for careful planning. We’ve also discussed plant selection, focusing on species that thrive in sunlight, enhancing your garden’s atmosphere.

Selecting the right wood and applying protective measures (sealants, finishes) are vital for structural durability. Lastly, optimising the location by understanding the sun’s path and considering innovative design (adjustable sun shades, window shutters, ventilation) or solar panel integration can enhance your garden’s functionality and sustainability.

Thoughtful planning and maintenance can make your south-facing wooden garden structures thrive with beauty and functionality.

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