A question I’d asked myself for some time was, can you build your own shed cheaper than you can buy a flat pack one? In short, yes you can, and you can even make it a lot nicer!
In this post I’m going to show you how I built my own shed, including the tools required and where I sourced the materials. You’ll find a step by step guide, packed full of photos, of how to build a garden shed from scratch so you can create your own custom garden shed.
I’ll also share a cost comparison between building your own shed from scratch vs building a flatpack shed, which I recently tested. Discover some helpful tips at the end on how to cut the cost of building a garden shed so you can save as much money as possible on the materials you’ll need.
(If you’re in the wrong place and need help to build a flatpack shed then I have a guide on that too! Click to learn how to build a flatpack shed) A shed is just one idea in a long list of garden ideas to help improve your outdoor living space. Take a look at my Summer Garden Makeover post for more amazing DIY projects.
Use the following links to skip to sections of this post
- Planning Permission
- Tool List
- Material List
- Step by Step Guide
- The Base Build
- The Shed Build
- Flat Pack or Self Build Cheaper?
- How to Save Money on your Build
- Other Projects
How to build a custom garden shed from scratch
Building a shed from scratch using your own materials and not using a flat-pack is totally achievable. This is the great appeal of a self-built garden shed – you can build it to the exact size you require and you’re not limited by pre-made sized sheds.
Researching thoroughly will help prevent silly mistakes and wasting money. It’s also handy to learn about different types of shed, the types of cladding, roofing and framing so you can choose how you want your bespoke shed to look. To do this I searched online to view the various styles using websites such as Pinterest and even just Google images, as well as looking at this shed guide which gives you an idea of the different types of sheds available and what they look like.
I did a lot of research online and I already had a lot of the skills needed. I spend hours each week reading articles online and watching tutorials to teach myself how to build these sorts of things, such as checking out online guides on how to build a shed as well as conversing with tradespeople when I can to pick up helpful tips and tricks.
Before I get into the step by step guide lets get a couple of the most common FAQs out of the way.
Planning permission for garden sheds
Before you get started you’ll need to be aware of any building restrictions, so be sure to check the UK planning portal. Further more you can always check with your local planning department to double check these restrictions and get relevant guidance. Here is a quick breakdown for outbuildings that are considered permitted developments.
- On designated land, outbuildings to the side of the house are not permitted development.
- Outbuildings are not permitted development within the grounds of a listed building.
- In national parks, the Broads, Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty and World Heritage Sites the total area to be covered by any outbuildings more than 20 metres from ANY WALL of the house must not exceed 10 square metres to be permitted development.
- Outbuildings are not permitted development forward of the principal elevation of the original house.
The term original house means the house as it was first built or as it stood on 1 July 1948 (if it was built before that date).
- Outbuildings and other additions must not exceed 50% of the total area of land around the original house. Sheds and all other outbuildings (see intro) and extensions to the original house must be included when calculating this 50% limit.
- To be permitted development, any new building must not itself be separate, self-contained, living accommodation and must not have a microwave antenna.
- Outbuildings must be single storey with a maximum eaves height of 2.5 metres and maximum overall height of 4 metres with a dual pitched roof, or 3 metres in any other case.
- If the outbuilding is within 2 metres of the property boundary the whole building should not exceed 2.5 metres in height.
You won’t need a long list of complex tools to complete this job but here are some essentials that will make your life a lot easier. I’m a fan of the Dewalt XR range of tools because I can use the same batteries across the range and product quality is second to none.
- Jigsaw – Avoid budget jigsaws and look to spend around £70
- Chop saw / Mitre Saw – Anything with a 160mm cut length
- Hand saw – Panel saw with about 9 Tpi
- Circular saw – Makita or Dewalt is a sensible choice
- Drill driver – (My personal preference is a Dewalt drill like this)
- Impact driver – (Try a Dewalt drill and driver set here)
- Set square – 10″ rafter square is ideal
- Tape measure – (5m – 8m)
- Long ruler (or straight edge) – one of these are useful
- Spirit level – The bigger the better
- Basic staple gun – don’t go too cheap
Materials List – See comparison chart near the end of this article for costs
Here’s a list of materials I’ve used for my shed including links to where I purchased them:
- CLS C16 timber 38x63mm x 2.4m (Quantity 60)
- LogLap cladding 125mm x 22mm (224m total length) or Shiplap cladding 119mm x 14.5mm (244m)
- 3×2 C16 construction timber 45x70mm x 3m (Quantity 8)
- 3×2 C16 construction timber 45x70mm x 3.6m (Quantity 6)
- OSB3 18x1220x2440mm (Quantity 5)
- OSB3 12x1220x2440mm (Quantity 6)
- Corner/fence posts 90x90mm x 2.4m (Quantity 4)
- Cement 25kg (Quantity 1)
- Sharp sand 25kg (Quantity 1)
- Waterproof sheeting (Quantity 1)
- Roof felt 10m (Quantity 2)
- Door hinges (Quantity 4)
- Mix of screws – 80mm – 50mm – selection box
- Window – FB Marketplace purchase (optional)
Save money on tools and materials
I’ve been using a cash back site like Topcashback for all my tool and material purchases which has generated me about £950 since joining a couple of years ago. That’s quite a reasonable saving bases on purchases I would have made anyway. Here’s a screen shot of my savings to date:
My wife has also been using Topcashback for all our day to day household spending and has generated over £1200. More than enough for a great holiday for us both. We added to Topcashback browser extension so we never miss a deal.
Whilst we are on the subject of free money take a look at this one.
Get a free share worth up to £200 on FREETRADE with my referral.
Simply sign up and deposit just £1 and get a free share worth up to £200. You can sell it right away and cash out after 30 days.
If building your own shed from scratch isn’t quite right for you then consider a flat pack building from Robert Dyas
Learn how to build your own shed online with my step by step guide
So here we go, how I built my DIY shed in detail…
The shed size I decided to go for is 12×10 ft. or 3×3.6m and 2.4m tall. (To the top of the eaves.)
How I built the wooden shed base
- Measuring and clearing the space. The first task was to clear debris and begin to level the ground. I marked out the size of the shed (12×10 ft. or 3×3.6m) to start just using a tape measure and four stones. I then began to shift soil and dirt manually from one side to the other until it looked level-ish.
- With a relatively flat area to work on I began to mark out the ground using a tape measure, 4 sticks and string. To make the rectangle equal and evenly square I measured from corner to corner until each length was the same. It was at this point I had some further levelling to complete. Using a long piece of wood and large spirit level I was able to shift more soil to make a nice even surface to work with.
- Using reclaimed slabs from a friend I placed one in each corner and one in between each of these. These slabs would form the main support for the base and shed. To ensure a solid surface that wouldn’t shift I dug a 6 – 10 inch square hole under each slab. This hole was then filled with hardcore, sand and then topped with cement before gently laying the slab on top.
- Mixing cement – this is quite simple. You can mix this in a wheel barrow, cement mixing tray or a cement mixer if you have access to one. You’ll need some cement, sharp sand and water to complete the mix. Start by mixing the cement and sand. (Look for about 1 part cement to 4 parts sand, this doesn’t have to be an exact science, just roughly) Finally start adding bits of water whilst mixing until you have just enough for a wet mix. Too much water will weaken the mix. Google it if unsure. For this build and enough cement to secure 8 slabs I used 1 X 25kg bag of cement and 4 X 25kg of sharp sand.
- I used the 3m & 3.6m C16 timber and a spirit level whilst laying the slabs to ensure an good level frame for the base.
- Leave the cement to go off for 24 hours before adding any additional weight.
- I then added an additional 6 slabs for further support but didn’t cement these in. Just laid on a nice level hard surface (some spare sand I had lying around mostly).
- The next task was to screw all the lengths of wood together with 75mm x 5mm screws. As you can see above I have used two of the 3.6m C16 and five of the 3m C16 construction timber to build the base frame.
- I then worked into the night to strengthen the base support even further with some of the CLS timber.
- I had to ensure the cross supports were in the right place to fit along the edges of the OSB board I was laying as the floor. These measure 2440mm x 1220mm and are 18mm thick. I went for 18mm rather than a thinner 12mm board for extra stability.
I used a circular saw to cut the OSB board to the correct size.
So that’s pretty much it for the base. Before installing the walls ensure you cover the base with a waterproof covering. Wrap it around the edges and tuck it under the base to provide a water tight seal.
How to build your own shed – Step by step guide
- The first step was to create the wall frames using the 3m and 3.6m C16 and CLS 2.4m timber. I also used the 90mm square posts for the corners (2.4m in length). These frames were simple to create and will act as the supports for the log lap cladding. My walls measure 2m tall so simply measure, cut and screw the parts together. Each baton will be spaced roughly 600mm apart.My little helpers. Couldn’t have done it without them.
- I also stapled waterproof sheeting over the frame to add that extra level of protection from the elements. You may choose to add a breathable membrane but this will add about £80 to the final price.The reason I used 90mm posts for the corners was so that I could mount the walls about 19mm in to allow for the cladding to be mounted flush. The four corner posts are not secured to the floor. Stability for the frame will come from the stud walls which are screwed into the floor and posts. You could also add some 9mm plywood to the frame to add some stability. To do this I would mount the corner posts with a 2-5mm overhang on each corner, mount the walls 9mm in from each edge and when adding the cladding you can overlap the base to add a little more protection around the bottom of the walls.
- On with the cladding. I purchased my log lap cladding from a company on eBay. Click here to go to the listing. (Remember to get cash back by clicking here when shopping on eBay to save money on your eBay purchases!) Each piece had to be cut to length using a mitre saw. For the eaves section at the top of the walls I used a jigsaw to cut out notches where the rafters came down. The great thing about this stuff is it just slots together and it’s then screwed to the frame in 3 locations on each board. 40mm x 4mm screws. You can also consider going for the thicker 38mm loglap which can be found here.
- The roof was next and shaping the rafters the first challenge. I decided on a 15 degree angle on a dual pitched roof so had to make a suitable join to span a 3m space. This pitched roof not only needed to support the weight of the roof but also my body weight as I climbed up to attach the felt. to strengthen the rafter join I cut some triangle shapes out of the off cuts of the 18mm OSB flooring. Additionally I used the off cuts of the 2×3 batons to further strengthen. I tested each one of the rafters by hanging from it before continuing. I completed 7 of these in total and cut out grooves either end to sit into the top of the wall frame, screwed in with 75mm x 5mm screws.
- At this point I was running out of time. I had one day before some heavy rain was due so I decided to crack on with the rest of the roof to ensure protection of the rest of the untreated wood. I decided to extend the roof 600mm out the front to add a small element of protection from the weather. this was a straight forward process, as pictured. This was also time to cut the top off the 90mm square posts. I used 11mm OSB board for the sheet materials on the roof and required 6 of these to cover the lot. Once all these had been cut a screwed into place it was time to add the felt. I required 2 x 10m rolls to cover the roof and this was cutting it fine. In hindsight I would have shortened the eaves on either side to allow a greater overlap on the felt. Used 10mm tacks to secure.
Building the front part was the next step, having to make a slightly different frame to support the window and doors. To save money on a window I searched locally on Facebook Marketplace and found something suitable for £30. However, you can also consider an insulated glass panel for extra insulation from temperature and sound.
The Window is simply screwed in from the side. Open the window and drill some pilot holes before setting in the screws.
Almost there… final steps!
The final steps to build your own shed were to add some trim (facia) to the sides of the roof, fit a handle, lock, motion sensor light and paint the whole shed. Finishing the shed with exterior wood paint will add a professional finish to the shed and ensure its protected from the elements and long lasting. You can choose a stain to enjoy the natural beauty of the wood, or a coloured paint if your garden has a coloured theme.
As you can see I started with a stained shed in a natural colour, but you’ll see in this later post that I painted the shed black when I later extended it and turned it into a large home garden office. This helped it blend into the fences around the garden and match our black and grey theme. Check out some of our later garden transformation here.
Now all that’s left to do is add paving, a path or some decking.
Note – If you are planning to add significant weight to the sides of the shed, inside or out, it’s worth adding some diagonal supports to some of the wall to prevent the shed from leaning to one side. To do this simply cut a 45 degree angle on the 3×2 wood and cut to size in-between the horizontal wall posts.
Below is a comparison in cost between the two builds. Hope you found this useful.
Is a flat-pack or build your own shed cheaper?
As I purchased and built a flat-pack shed last year, I have recent pricing and build experience to share as a comparison. Both measure 12 x 10 feet (360 x 300cm) approx.
The two key differences and probably the biggest saving was the base. One a solid patio style base and the other a lifted wood frame base.
See the breakdown of the full costs for each shed type below to see which was cheapest! Can you guess?
Cost comparison between flat pack and DIY build your own shed
More about the BillyOh flatpack shed
This blog post is all about how I built my own shed from scratch, but if you are interested then the flat-pack BillyOh shed was purchased from Garden Buildings Direct. To read more about the flat-pack shed you can see my build process by clicking here and here is a handy link for a BillyOh discount code!
How to save money when building a shed from scratch
Sheds are pretty expensive and you can definitely save a bit of money by building your own from scratch as my own experiment shows, but here are some more ways to cut the cost of building your own shed:
The most obvious way is to do it yourself. If you believe you have the basic DIY skills and woodwork knowledge required then you’ll save a small fortune completing the job yourself instead of hiring a tradesperson.
2. Use TopCashback
Whether you are purchasing your materials from eBay, B&Q or Wickes, there is nearly always money to be saved in the form of cash back. Simply click through to the retailer from the TopCashback website when making your purchase and you’ll get some money back at a later date.
3. Join the B&Q Club
If you’re not already a member then the B&Q Club is well worth joining, especially if you spend a small fortune in there on a regular basis like I do! Almost every time I shop and scan the card I receive an email shortly after with a discount code for my next purchase. Quite often I’ve had £5 off a £50 shop and £10 off a £75 shop. Nearly every time I shop there I have a discount code to use and the savings really add up. Click here for the B&Q Club.
4. Buy combo pack tools
If you don’t already have the tools for the job and can’t borrow them, then look out for great multipack and combo deals. For instance if you need to buy a drill and impact driver then it’s much better to buy them as a set like this Dewalt drill and driver set rather than buying them separately.
5. Use the same brand of power tools
Using the same brand of power tools means you can interchange the battery packs, instead of needing separate ones for each brand of tool. It makes things way easier and creates less hassle once one is knackered or if one runs out of power.
6. Buy in bulk
Rather than ordering bits and pieces from all over the place, see if it makes more sense to buy in bulk from one retailer and avoid delivery costs. For example, if you spend more than £300 in one go online on big and bulky items then you’ll get free home delivery from Wickes.
7. Finally, the most important rule of all to save money – measure twice and cut once!
I hope you have found this article helpful and good luck if you are building your own custom shed. They can definitely look a lot better and make you feel more proud!
Turn your shed into a garden office
If you liked ‘how to build your own shed’, then you might like this. I’ve recently completed a post about how I extended this shed and insulated it. I’m basically turning it into a garden office or garden room to enjoy all year round. We will be able to use this space as an extension to the house, a quiet work space or a room to chill out and get away from the day-to-day.
The once humble shed no longer has to be used to store your garden tools, but you can actually make it a perfectly functioning room which becomes extended living space. For inspiration GardenRoom365 have the most stunning range of bespoke garden rooms essex with many ideas of how to use a garden room from home offices to home gyms!
Read all about our in-ground trampoline here.