Industrial dining table and bench

How to make an industrial rustic scaffold board dining table and bench

Crafting furniture using reclaimed scaffold boards presents a rewarding opportunity, yielding pieces that exude a contemporary, modern allure. An exemplar of this craft is the scaffold board dining table and bench set, characterised by an industrial-rustic aesthetic. Drawing inspiration from the 1990s trend of repurposing New York warehouse elements, you too can fashion a furniture article destined to endure for generations, all the while significantly mitigating your ecological footprint. The scaffold board table top and steel legs seamlessly harmonizes with a diverse range of interior design motifs, aligning perfectly with prevailing trends.

X-Frame scaffold board dining set

Introducing the X-Frame Dining Set: Capitalising on the prevailing penchant for industrial-rustic concepts, this design effortlessly integrates with a wide array of home decor styles. By embarking on this creative journey, you can craft your own distinctive, rustic-industrial dining table, without incurring the costs associated with acquiring a new one. Armed with a modest selection of tools and a dash of patience, you can fashion a bespoke masterpiece that radiates both character and longevity.

Here is an example of the finished product that I’ll be describing in detail. It measures 180cm x 88cm and is 75cm tall. (Which is roughly the standard height of a dining table. They normally range between 74 and 76cm tall but I find 75cm to be the most comfortable for the whole family). The benches measure 180cm x 36cm and 45cm tall.

Scaffold board dining set

Materials list

Tool list

Here are a few biscuit jointers. I tend to avoid the cheaper tools but if you’re just making the one dining set you should be ok.

Step-by-step how to make a scaffold board table

To start things off you’ll need to source your materials. You’ll need scaffold boards for the table and bench top whilst for the legs you’ll need some welding knowledge or know someone who can make these for you. I don’t make the legs myself but read on to see where you can find some.

Step 1. Sourcing materials

So where do you find used scaffold boards? Simple really, Scaffold companies normally have plenty of them, but the trouble is, not all of them want to sell as they can be reused for other purposes. The trick is finding a company that’s willing to sell a few. You can try ringing around some local scaffold companies to enquire if they are willing to sell you some or you might even get lucky and find that they might just give you some. Just keep trying.

If this fails here are few eBay shops worth considering for collection / local delivery:

You can also look on Facebook Marketplace and sites like Gumtree as there are always some listed on these sites. You’ll most likely end up paying about £10 for a 10ft used board. You’re going to need 4 boards for a table top and 2 boards for one bench.

scaffold board storage

I also found this great company based in Somerset which have dry boards and offer a range of services like sanding and cutting to size: They are a little more expensive but if you want to save time then it’s worth a go.

If you’d prefer to work with hardwood or another type of timber then try Wood Shop Direct as they will cut everything to size and deliver it to your door. Again, it’s more expensive but it takes away all the pain of sourcing, planning and cutting your timber. And it looks amazing.

Step 2. Scaffold board moisture levels

Important! Check your boards for moisture content. It’s important to ensure the boards you are using are dry enough to work with. High moisture content in wood will lead to cracking, twisting, cupping and bending boards when introduced to inside temperatures and humidity. The boards will slowly shrink in size when they dry out. If possible, use a moisture meter to measure the moisture content of a board before purchase. The ideal moisture level will be between 4 and 12%.

Anything higher than this and you’ll need to dry the boards before working with them. The best way to do this would be in a wood kiln, but most people won’t have one of these so the alternative is to dry them in your house. The best environment to do this would be in a house with the central heating on in a room with a dehumidifier running.

drying scaffold boards

Keep testing the wood until the moister is down to the correct level. (4% – 12%)

Step 3. Steel industrial-style legs

If you have a little time to wait until your wood is dry, nows a good time to think about your steel legs. I buy mine from a local metal worker who currently makes metal bed frames for campervan conversions. Luckily I’m friends with him so he’s happy to make legs to my desired size. You can call around some local metalworkers but another great source of metal legs is Etsy Marketplace.

metal work steel table legs
Ready to be welded and painted

Here are some of my favourite designs on Etsy

You can also consider buying these from ebay. They are made in China and not quite as durable as the handmade ones on Etsy, but worth a try.

If you want your legs painted make sure you get them powder coated (as opposed to spray painted) as this is going to be the most durable finish. Expect to pay between £75 – £350 for a pair of table legs and £50 – £150 for a pair of bench legs.

Check out my extensive guide to finding the best metal table legs here:

The best metal dining table legs

Step 4. Cutting the scaffold boards

Now back to your wood. Normally the first action I take is to cut the boards to length. To do this I use my sliding mitre saw which I replaced the blade with a 80 tooth wood cutting blade. These blades are specifically designed for cross cutting wood with a clean finish.

The standard multi purpose blades that come with mitre saws will leave a very rough cut which will mean more sanding for you. Look at the difference a good blade makes.

If you’re investing in a new mitre saw for this project, ensure you have one with a cut depth of at least 230mm. Most scaffold boards will be about 225mm wide and about 37mm thick.

Step 5. The sanding process

This is normally the longest, most boring part of the build but be patient and the results will be worth it. As with most used scaffold boards there’s likely to be spilt building materials splattered all over them, if so, you can probably just scrape these off with a wallpaper scraper or chisel. Sanding can be completed before or after joining the boards.

Manual sanding will take a decade so invest in an orbital or belt sander for this part. A belt sander will speed things up greatly here. It’s best to start sanding with a 60 or 80 grit paper to clean the boards and remove most of the years of cement, plaster and other bits that might be stuck on the wood.

You can see above I’ve been using two different orbital sanders and a dust extraction unit to avoid breathing in dust particles. If you have a large workshop then you’ll probably use a woodwork dust extraction company to install and check the efficiency of a proper dust extraction system, but for a home setup like I have then this type of dust extractor is fine.

The boards don’t have to be perfectly cleaned down to bare wood as you’ll want to leave some of that rustic patina for that true industrial look.

Once this is complete, repeat the process with a 120 grit paper. You may need to manually remove splinters and splits during the sanding process. Ensure you sand edges to leave nice rounded corners. there will be a little more sanding later on but for now lets move onto the jointing process.

Step 6. Preparing scaffold boards for joining

With the majority of the sanding out of the way it’s time to think about joining your boards. Or jointing as it’s called in the world of woodworking. To do this you should prepare the edges using a planer. It’s important that each edge is clean, smooth and straight as these edges will be glued together and form a seal between each board. You can use a manual plane for this but it’s much quicker with an electric one.

Starting with the table top, line 4 boards up against each other and check to see how clean the join is. You can make small adjustments with your planer to get the perfect join. It’s a good idea at this point to number your boards, or draw a triangle across the top to ensure you know which board goes where should they get mixed up. Once you’re happy with your table top boards it’s time to think about your bench boards.

Cutting the boards for the bench

The scaffold board bench will use the same boards but they are going to be too wide by joining two together. We want the bench top to be about 360mm wide, therefore each board needs to be ripped down to 180mm wide. To do this I use my trusty table saw.

table saw workshop

It’s the quickest, easiest and most accurate way to do this, however, if you don’t have a table saw and don’t want to make the investment then you can use a circular saw.

Dewalt XR 18v circular saw

Once complete, line the boards up to ensure a good fit together and plane/sand the edges if required.

Step 6. The joining process

For this part you’re going to need some large sash clamps, a biscuit jointer, some biscuits and some wood glue. Start by marking up your wood for the biscuit jointer. To do this I normally lay all the boards out flat and line them up neatly next to each other, then mark with a pencil 120mm in from each end where the boards join. Then another pencil mark half way down between each board.

Dewalt biscuit jointer

The biscuit jointer is going to slice into the side of your wood and leave a perfectly sizes hole for a biscuit piece to insert into. It’s important to carry out this process accurately as it will ensure all your boards line up nicely together. If done correctly you’ll be left with a nice even and level surface table top. Biscuit joins don’t necessarily add any strength to the table top, its just for lining up the boards. Now line up the board with two sash clamps underneath and begin glueing. Apply an even layer of wood glue along the whole length of the first board. You can smooth this out using a lollypop stick or something similar.

Insert your biscuits and push into the next board. Repeat this process for the other 3 boards until you have all 4 lined up on the clamps. Slowly tighten the first to clamps until all the boards are close together. Do not over tighten at this point.

scaffold board table top

Now lay two thick pieces of wood at each end and tighten F-clamps to the boards to ensure the table top is nice and flat. Now attach two more clamps to the top middle of the tabletop and tighten as much as possible. To prevent the sides of the table from being damaged from the clamps I tend to insert some pieces of wood.

clamped scaffold boards

Now leave this table top to dry. Wood glue dries quite quickly but I tend to leave it for at least 12 hours before moving onto the next process. You’ll want to clean off any excess glue before it dries. Your rustic dining table and scaffold board bench are now starting to take shape.

Once you have two boards cut down for the scaffold board bench you can repeat the jointing process same per the above, except you will only use the two cut-down boards.

Step 7. Filling and sanding

A reclaimed wood scaffold board table will be more functional when the surface is smooth and flat. By filling the gaps, dents and cuts with a wood filler we can make the surface smooth, which makes it easier to clean and maintain.

Once dry you can now remove the clamps. Your table top should now be strong enough to flip over. If you’re going for a perfectly smooth finish on your table top then it’s worth filling any holes with some wood filler. Filler can be applied and smoothed over using a putty knife or scraper. Once the filler is dry you can sand down to a 120 grit like the rest of the wood.

filling wood

You might not always find the perfect colour match filler but this is fine and adds to the character of the piece.

Supporting the 4 boards might now be required with a strip of wood underneath at each end. I normally use the off-cuts from the bench and cut at a 50 degree angle which span from side to side. This isn’t always necessary but can add a bit of strength to your table top.

rustic table build
example support piece

A final round of sanding with a 240 grit is now advised. This will give a super smooth finish to your table top and prepare for a stain and oil to be applied.

Step 8. Finishing your rustic scaffold board table and bench

I tend to use either a Ronseal interior varnish stain or Osmo oil tints to colour and protect my scaffold board table and and benches. The Osmo oil tends to provide a slightly stronger finish to the table but it’s up to you. Both work well. You’ll need to apply 2 – 3 coats to finish off the table and bench. I use a standard 40-50mm paint brush to apply the stain. Always follow the grain of the wood when applying the stain. Allow about 2 hours between coats or check the manufactures guidelines. The pictured tables in this post are all using the Ronseal Interior Varnish in a French Oak colour.

Finally rub down with a fine grit sanding foam block between each layer for a super smooth finish. I don’t tend to apply varnish or oil to the bottom of my tables as it lets the wood breath and will help minimise movement in the boards.

Now it’s time to fit the legs to the scaffold board table top. This should be straight forwards by simply lining up your desired location and screwing in with a drill-driver or impact driver. To choose your leg location you will need to consider the width of your chairs and if you wish to seat people at either end. To allow enough leg room at either end of the table I tend to mount the legs about 28cm in.

X-Frame scaffold board Dining Set

So that’s pretty much it. You can see how easy it is to make a beautiful functioning table thats eco friendly and long lasting.


Delving into the art of crafting with scaffold boards opens a world of creative possibilities. The process of fashioning a scaffold board table, such as the showcased scaffold board dining table with its rustic-industrial charm, offers a twofold delight – creating unique furniture while championing environmental responsibility. By embracing the enduring appeal of scaffold board designs, like the X-Frame Dining Set, individuals can seamlessly merge contemporary aesthetics with eco-consciousness, ultimately yielding furniture pieces that stand as a testament to both craftsmanship and sustainability in the modern age.

Are scaffold boards tables suitable for outdoor use?

A question I’m often asked is whether these tables are suitable for use in the garden. Whilst the answer is yes you’ll need to ensure the steel legs are properly powder coated and there isn’t any bare steel. If there is, rusting will occur very quickly.

You’ll also need to consider protecting the scaffold boards with suitable outdoor wood protection. I would select a decking paint or an Osmo oil UV protection on the boards.

Osmo Decking Oil

osmo decking oil

Osmo UV Protection Oil

osmo oil UV protection

If you are building a scaffold board table for your garden then I’d still recommend keeping it under cover for the winter months. Invest in a cover or take the time to put it into storage so that is isn’t left out in the elements all year round.

Is scaffold board furniture any good?

Making furniture from any kind of reclaimed material is always a risky business. When it comes to scaffold boards you really need to select decent boards for your projects. Some reclaimed scaffold boards are too far gone to be able to use in your furniture projects. In an ideal situation, you will select boards that have been stored in a dry location and don’t have any bends or twists in them. You can simply look down the length of a board to see how straight it is.

Scaffold boards are designed to live outdoors for extended periods of time and are good thick pieces of wood that can stand the test of time. If you find some good boards and can dry them fully before use then they will last a lifetime. We’ve had our scaffold boards dining table and bench for over 6 years now and it still looks as good as the day I built it. They require little care when applying a good varnish and I have no doubt ours will outlive us. So to answer the question. Yes, scaffold board furniture is good and well worth the investment.

Using alternative woods for your projects

If you’re looking for a less rustic finish on your dining table then you could consider using a different type of wood. For example, I have also made amazing dining tables and desks from American white oak and walnut. The finish is cleaner as they are made from hardwood, and will be much more durable than a scaffold board table. Here are a couple of my projects.

I’ve recently collected some Iroko wood from Wood Shop Direct for my next project. Using this company has helped me simplify the build massively as they cut everything to size. This takes away a lot of time and effort from me so I can stay focused on the build and overall design.

outdoor garden sofa finished cushions

Save money on your scaffold board table project

My wife and I have been using Topcashback now for a few years and have generated over £2200 on all our everyday spending. I’ve generated about £950 on my own projects and work costs so it’s worth taking a look. We both installed the Topcashback web browser which notifies us when we go onto an eligible site so we never miss a cashback offer.

Here’s a screen shot of my savings to date:

If you have any questions or want to leave a comment about this rustic dining table please do so below.

Can’t build your own scaffold board table?

If making your own scaffold board dining table just isn’t right for you then try one of my favourites on Etsy.

More scaffold board furniture

Here are a couple more of my favourite scaffold board projects similar to the industrial rustic dining table.

Did you like this scaffold board table? Have you tried making your own? Feel free to leave a comment below on your own experiences and open up a conversation with me.

Take a look at some of my other popular posts:


    • Possibly Emma. I’m not sure. Try a small area underneath first and if it doesn’t dry you might need to sand back the oil and trya agin. A massive pain I know but might be the only way.

  1. Hi Ben, I don’t have a workspace large enough for clamps (nor do I own any), do you know of any alternatives? I did see that someone suggested using ratchet straps.


    • Hi Uday, I have used ratchet straps before and had quite good results. Just make sure the boards are held flat with a clamped support beam.

  2. Hi Ben,

    Great article, love the table! Have you ever experienced the reclaimed scaffold boards cracking splitting all the way through?

    Best regards


    • Yes, this does happen. Especially when the boards haven’t been dried properly. It also happens when there is a sudden change in temperature and humidity. When the boards are moved for a cold place to a hot place, for example an outside workshop into a warm heated house, the boards expand and contract rapidly causing them to split. It’s best to make small changes in temperature and let the boards adjust to new environments slowly.

  3. Hello,
    Brilliant instructions thanks.
    I have made my table. 2m long.
    I have used osmo amber oil tint.
    We have ordered some faux leather tan counter lever chairs. However they have not arrived yet. I am ready to attach the legs to the table. I bought x cross shaped legs. I’m just wondering if there are any measurement as to where I place the legs. We will have 8 chairs. 3 either side and 1 either end. I just don’t want some chairs so they won’t go underneath. Alternatively I will wait for the chairs to arrive.

    Also do you have andthing with regards to making coffee tables??

    Many thanks.

    • Hi Wil, you will want to wait until you have the chairs ideally as this may affect where the legs are mounted. I tend to mount my legs about 30cm in from each end to allow suitable leg room. This can be reduced slightly but no more than 26cm.
      Good luck finishing off your project.

  4. Hi Ben, thank you very much for the information 🙂 I am currently trying out this type of table but have a couple of questions. Do you use a thicknesses or planer to straighten out the boards? Ours are a little warped, if we use a planer I’m worried they’ll just end up looking like new boards or take too much of the character out of them? But if we don’t they end up having one edge sticking up or not sitting flash together. If you have any advice for us that would be very appreciated!

    • Hi Hannah. You really need to use straight boards. You might get away with slightly warped boards boards but not too much. You could try and flatten them but I don’t think this will help much and like you say it will take the patina out of them. Either try and get some different boards or ‘reset the ones you have. To do this you will need to lay them flat for a couple of months and moisten them periodically. With a bit of weight on top they should go flat again. Then you need to dry them out. I guess they were stored upright which is why they have warped? I had some boards that were stored upright and were quite warped but after leaving them flat for several months they were fine. Hope this helps. Ben

      • Thank you that’s a lot of help! They arrived wet so we had them stored upright! 😬

      • You’re welcome. 🙂 If they arrived wet then the best thing to do is lay them flat inside, ideally next to a radiator and you should see them return to normal after a few weeks.

      • Hi just after some help please. My husband has made a table using scaffolding boards and used woodfiller once it was put together. He has now used Danish oil but the wood filler is leaving white strips as its not absorbing the oil. What can we do about it?

      • Hi Emma. I don’t think you will ever blend the colour perfectly. Oil won’t penetrate the wood filler so I would suggest using a stain instead. Try the Ronseal interior stain that I have used on my tables. Hope this helps. Ben

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